Hugh Latimer, a man born with a family of farmers, had a great education, and went to CAmbrige university, then Clare College. Hugh participated in some of the ideas for the “Reformation emerging from the Continent.” Later Hugh turned to the religious life; he began to preach publicly because the need for the translation of the Bible into English was nowhere else to be found. At first, this was a risky move, being that the new testament was banned! After a few years had past, Hugh was appointed bishop.



Nicholas Ridley, another bishop, went to become a priest right after college. Nicholas was accused of heresy, but beat to the charge. The end of Nicholas’s life was harsh, but for a good sake. He became a martyr: he was burned extremely slowly and suffered a great deal or torture, through no fault of the executioner: Ridley's brother-in-law attempted to speed Ridley's death, while in actual fact they caused only Ridley's lower parts to burn.
What do these people have to do with Fahrenheit 451?
Hugh Latimer will be referring to Bishop Hugh Latimer, who is quoted by the old woman who chooses to die with her books. Ridley, on the other hand is a reference to a contemporary of Latimer named Nicholas Ridley. Ridley was a Protestant theologian. Ridley and Latimer were executed as heretics during the reign of Mary 1. Ridley and Latimer are references to real people from history.